Bonds are financial instruments used to raise capital for Governments and Corporates

  • Not a central place to trade
  • Its called over the counter market
  • Organised by type of security
  • Most are sold dealer to dealer

Bonds are identified by ISIN (International Securities Identification Number) which consists of three parts

  1. Two letter country code. Special codeĀ ‘XS’ is used for international securities cleared through pan-European clearing systems like Euroclear and CEDEL.
  2. Nine digit numeric identifier, called National Securities Identifying Number (NSIN).
  3. Single check digit to validate against counterfeit ISINs.


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